Linux and other Unix operating systems use the TCP/IP protocol. It is not a single network protocol, but a family of network protocols that offer various services. TCP/IP was developed based on an application used for military purposes and was defined in its present form in an RFC in 1981. RFC stands for Request for Comments. They are documents
Linux networking stack from the ground up, part 4 Jan 30, 2016 The Linux ip command makes network config easy The Linux networking stack has changed significantly since ifconfig's heyday -- you will miss information on today's networks if working with ifconfig. The ip command was introduced to manage all aspects of Linux network configuration as the stack changed, and … The OSI model explained: How to understand - Network World
Netfilter «Netfilter is a set of hooks inside the Linux kernel that allows kernel modules to register callback functions with the network stack. A registered callback function is then called back for every packet that traverses the respective hook within the network stack..» references
The Linux networking stack has changed significantly since ifconfig's heyday -- you will miss information on today's networks if working with ifconfig. The ip command was introduced to manage all aspects of Linux network configuration as the stack changed, and development on the ifconfig command was discontinued. If you've ever wondered how Linux carries out the complicated tasks assigned to it by the IP protocols -- or if you just want to learn about modern networking through real-life examples -- Understanding Linux Network Internals is for you. The X server was the only part communicating directly with the graphics hardware. The X clients are application programs talking to the server using the X protocol, either using a local Unix Domain socket or a TCP/IP connection. The X protocol is used by the client to both send requests to the server and receive event messages from the server.
sudo modprobe -r wl sudo modprobe wl sudo service network-manager restart I don't know if this is a full-stack restart, but it seems to do the trick in my case. various cryptic commands that helped in discovering this sequence were: iwconfig nm-tool ip link sudo lshw -C network lspci sudo service networking restart
Mar 13, 2011 linux - What checksum algorithm is this network protocol Stack Exchange network consists of 177 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. Browse other questions tagged linux protocol networking wireshark or ask your own question. ip - Routing protocol comparisons (with Linux) - Network Linux boxes can act as routers if they have multiple interfaces, you enable ip routing, and activate or install a routing protocol. But you would need multiple boxes with multiple network interfaces to build a topology. There is a network simulator called Gns3 which might be usable for this purpose, but I haven’t personally used it. An information on the TCP/IP stack and OSI layer from the LINUX SOCKET PART 14 Advanced TCP/IP - The TCP/IP Stack & OSI Layer . My Training Period: xx hours . This is a continuation from Part III series, TCP & UDP Client-server program examples.Working program examples if any compiled using gcc, tested using the public IPs, run on Linux / Fedora 3, with several times of update, as root or SUID 0.The Fedora machine used for the testing having the " No